A small Catholic teaching order, the Piarists have played an important role in the development of education in Austria. The order was founded in Rome during the 16th century and in 1597 used a rectory there for the first free public school in Europe. The papacy recognized the order in 1617.
   As part of her reform of teaching and school curricula in the 18th century, Empress Maria Theresa and her advisers adopted much of a program suggested by Gratian Marx (1720–1810), the director of a Piarist academy in Savoy. Although his ideas included clerical control of schools, they also called for giving more weight to subjects such as history, geography, arithmetic, and German. Classical languages began to lose their centrality in the curriculum, though Latin remained a required examination subject for admission to a gymnasium or high school. The schools were theoretically open to all, though the academic qualifications of young nobles and sons of civil servants were far less rigorously scrutinized than those from humbler classes. The Piarists operated 24 high schools in Austria during the 18th century and sponsored dramatic offerings of high literary quality. In the 19th century, they were at the center of a Catholic social movement that addressed the needs of the urban industrial classes.
   See also Christian Social Party.

Historical dictionary of Austria. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Piarists — Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools Abbreviation S. P. Motto Pietas et Litterae Formation …   Wikipedia

  • PIARISTS —    a purely religious order devoted to the education of the poor, founded in 1599 by a Spanish priest, and confirmed in 1617 by Paul V., and again in 1621 by Gregory XV …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Piarists —    Members of an educational order founded by St Joseph calasanctius …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Cluj-Napoca Piarists' Church — The Piarists Church ( ro. Biserica Piariştilor, also known as the Jesuits Church ( Biserica Iezuiţilor ) or the University Church ( Biserica Universităţii ); hu. piarista templom), located at 5 Str. Universităţii, Cluj Napoca, Romania and… …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Calasanctius — Infobox Saint name=Saint Joseph Calasanctius birth date=birth date|1557|9|11|mf=y death date=death date and age|1648|8|25|1557|9|11|mf=y feast day=August 25 August 27 (Traditional Roman Catholics) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vilnius — Vilnius Cathedral the motherchurch of the archdiocese The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Vilnius (Latin: Archidioecesis Vilnensis; Lithuanian: Vilniaus arkivyskupija) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Ca …   Wikipedia

  • Vilna — • The capital of Lithuania, situated at the junction of the Rivers Vileika and Vilja Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Vilna     Vilna      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Clerks Regular of the Pious Schools —     Clerks Regular of the Pious Schools     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Clerks Regular of the Pious Schools     Called also Piarists, Scolopli, Escolapios, Poor Clerks of the Mother of God, and the Pauline Congregation, a religious order founded in …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ignacy Zaborowski — (1754–1803) was a Polish mathematician and geodesist; Piarist. He was a professor and rector of the Collegium Nobilium.BiographyBorn on November 2, 1754 in Ruthenian Voivodeshipcite web title=GeoForum: GeoLudzie… …   Wikipedia

  • Calasanz, Saint Joseph — ▪ Christian saint Calasanz also spelled  Calasanctius,  Italian  San Giuseppe Calasanzio,  Spanish  San José de Calasanz   born Sept. 11, 1556, Peralta, Spain died Aug. 25, 1648, Rome; canonized 1767; feast day August 25       priest, teacher,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.